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UN Reform - Delivering as One


Delivering as One UN in Mozambique

The national Millennium Development Goals (MDG) progress report produced in 2005 indicated that of 11 MDG targets for which data were available, only five have the potential of being met without a considerable acceleration of efforts – those relating to poverty, under-five mortality, maternal mortality, malaria and the establishment of an open trading and financial system. In order to avoid falling short of the MDG targets, the efforts of the Government of Mozambique and all of its development partners need to be significantly accelerated.

In order to respond more effectively to the challenges of meeting the MDGs, the UN in Mozambique has in recent years been moving towards improved coordination and increased alignment with national priorities. The implementation of UN reforms and the rapidly evolving development assistance environment in Mozambique, characterised by a move towards more flexible aid modalities such as sector Common Funds and General Budget Support (GBS), have provided the UN family with an opportunity to accelerate reform activities at country level. This process has enabled the UN Country Team to work more closely together, acting as one family and speaking with one voice.

It has been recognised, however, that the process of reform needs to be further accelerated, in line with the recommendations of the Triannual Comprehensive Policy Review (TCPR) (2004), the Ex-Com Principals Retreat (July 2005) and the report of the Secretary-General on the recommendations of High-Level Panel on UN system-wide coherence (HLP) (A/61/836), in which he supported the recommendations, in particular that related to the UN ‘Delivering as One’ at the country level. In response, the Government of Mozambique offered, and, was officially designated as a Delivering as One UN pilot country in January 2007.

The Delivering as One Operational Plan outlines the vision for the Delivering as One UN in Mozambique and how this vision is to be achieved, through implementation of the “Four Ones” proposed in the report of the High Level Panel, namely: (1) One Programme; (2) One Leader; (3) One Budgetary Framework; and (4) One Office/Common Services.

The “Four Ones” in Mozambique:

  1. One Programme: focusing on a sub-set of selected, strategic UNDAF outputs highlighting joint programmes. Strategic inclusiveness in One Programme focuses on the contribution of all UN agencies, specialised and non-specialised, resident and non-resident in areas of UN comparative advantage to achieve greater impact in the context of Mozambique development priorities and of the new aid environment;
  1. One Leader: an empowered and accountable Resident Coordinator, with the competencies and authority to guide the development and management of the UN in Mozambique and speak with one voice on behalf of the UN and supporting Agency representatives leading agency specific representation in-country, while exploring opportunities for clustering of representation where more effective and efficient. This is the “Cabinet Model”, with the RC acting as the “Prime Minister” and the UN Country Team members acting as the “ministers”;
  1. One Budgetary Framework and One Fund: consolidating all contributions to support a coherent and joint resource mobilisation, allocation and disbursement of donor resources to the UNDAF and the Delivering as One UN Operational Plan;
  1. One Management System and Common Services: a results-based management system, with integrated support services, under which all agencies share joint premises and common services, wherever cost–efficient, with an aim to ensure efficient and effective delivery of operations support for programmatic activities of all agencies in the country. This arrangement ensures that cooperative arrangements are in place to build on synergies and maximise the use of available capacities and infrastructure.

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